What is frozen shoulder?

Frozen shoulder, also called adhesive capsulitis is a medical condition in which the movement of the shoulder is severely restricted and is painful. The shoulder is so stiff that even the minor movements becomes difficult like lifting arm above shoulders or touching face during routine activities.

Why you develop a frozen shoulder?

This commonly results after an injury to the shoulder  due to lack of use due to pain occurring during movement of shoulder. This condition can also be due to decreased movements secondary to inflammation caused by autoimmune disease like rheumatoid arthritis. Lack of lubricating synovial fluid due to degenerative disease of cartilage which occurs in osteoarthritis.

What are the risk factors for developing frozen shoulder?

Risk factors are diabetes, stroke, accidents, lung disease and heart disease and age more than 40.

Can frozen shoulder be treated?

Cause of development of frozen shoulder is pain which restrict the movement of shoulders thus causing the stiffness of the tissue over time. Hence, reducing joint pain and thereby restoring the shoulder movementa is the aim of treatment, and this may include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, heat, and gentle exercises. In case all these prove unsuccessful, intra articular steroid injections in case of inflammatory causes can be the next line of treatment. In some instances, surgery may also be necessary. In my experience supra scapular nerve block to remove pain, which facilitate the joint motion, has proved very effective. My most of the cases regain the full range of movement of shoulder after this procedure.