What are the symptoms of Osteoarthritis?


Symptoms of Osteoarthritis can be seen in two ways. One – the symptoms that a patient experiences, after which he sees a doctor. Two – Symptoms that a Medical Specialist /Rheumatologist finds after examination and investigation. Both are listed below.

What do the patients of Osteoarthritis experience?

1. Pain and stiffness in the joints are the most common symptoms. The pain is usually more after exercise and when you put weight or pressure on the joints. If you have Osteoarthritis, your joints probably become stiffer and harder to move over time.

2. You may notice a rubbing, grating, or crackling sound when you move the joint. The phrase morning stiffness refers to relatively increased  pain and stiffness after waking up in the morning. This increased stiffness usually subside in less than 30 minutes. It is improved by warming  up the joint. During the course of the day, the pain may get worse when you’re active and feel better when you are resting. After a while, the pain may persist all the time. It may even disturb your sleep.

3. Some people might not experience any symptoms, even though x-rays might show the changes of OA.

What does the Doctor/ Rheumatologist find after examining you?

Your doctor may find the following symptoms on examination:

  1. Cracking or grating sound on the Joint movement, called crepitus.
  2. Joint swelling (bones around the joints may seem to be larger than normal).
  3. Range of motion (ROM) may be decreased.
  4. There may be tenderness on pressing the joints.
  5. Moving the joint may be painful.